Cockroach Need To Know Facts:

Cockroaches are nocturnal. Any sudden light will cause them to scurry for shelter.
If you are seeing them during the day you more than likely have a very big infestation.


The female cockroach carries an egg capsule containing approximately 30-40 eggs which she drops prior to hatching.

Development from eggs to adults takes three to four months and cockroaches live up to one year. The female may produce four to eight eggs cases in her lifetime. An infestation of cockroaches can number in the thousands.

They can be found under the cleanest conditions, wherever food and warmth are present.

For this reason they can be a concern in hospitals, hotels, restaurants, bakeries, butcher shops, multi-unit residences and homes.

Their habitat is around sinks, behind stoves and refrigerators, in drains and cracks.

Always do an up to date inspection in the most favorable areas of the home that roaches love and breed in.

The most common cockroach in Canada is the German cockroach.

It has a flattened oval body with long spiny legs and measures 15 mm (3/4") when fully grown. Both male and female are winged. Colour is light brown with two dark brown stripes running lengthwise on the thorax (middle section).


Because of their movements through various habitats, including garbage and sewers, they are capable of transmitting diseases to man, including salmonella bacteria (food poisoning), polio and many forms of viruses.


In these ways, cockroaches can cause health problems for people.


Exposure to high levels of cockroach allergens can lead to asthma related health problems for individuals who have a cockroach allergy.


These adaptable pests are indoor primarily and are not affected by outside temperatures.


Going to the grocery store and using a box to put your groceries in could contain a roach and easily be welcomed into your home from the box.


Some interesting news/ videos on cockroaches:

Research Into Cockroaches

More Facts About Cockroaches 


Diseases Cockroaches Transmit:

Leprosy, bubonic plague, dysentery, diarrhoea among children, urinary and bowel infections, inflammation and training with pus, gastroenteritis and enteric fever.

Several studies show that cockroaches can acquire, maintain and excrete certain viruses, being carriers of very infectious hepatitis.


There is documentation of problems when the body comes in contact with cockroaches such as: dermatitis, edema on the eyelids and nose, tearing steady eyes, sneezing.  

Roaches have been identified as carriers for allergies associated with asthma.

The source causing the allergy from cockroaches is in their bodies, (secretions, stool and eggs that are found in house dust).























































































Cockroach Index

Signs of a cockroach infestation
What to do when you have cockroaches
Cockroach Identification Chart
Things to ask professional exterminators about cockroaches


Alongside bed bugs, cockroaches very difficult to eradicate. If you suspect you have cockroaches in your home, don't decide to do something about this later.

Your problem will explode to an infestation before you know it. Know the signs of these pesky bugs so you won't have to live through a nightmare.


Cockroaches differ from bed bugs so the signs are quite different.


Here's Your Signs of a Cockroach Infestation:


Cockroach Specks (These dark-colored specks are fecal pellets and regurgitated food, and look like grains of ground pepper)




Upset Stomach (Diarrhea can occur when cockroaches travel on the food you leave out, dishes in cupboards and countertops that they track salmonella to)





Shell Casings (These are egg cases from recently hatched cockroaches, and appear as small dark brown oval-shaped casings)




Strong Oily Odor (extremely pungent when large numbers of the insects are present.


Aside from all the hygiene issues associated with a cockroach infestation, the smell itself is unpleasant and can permeate food that is left exposed to the air)


Visually seeing cockroaches (may mean you have a bigger infestation as these bugs are nocturnal)








You will want to be careful in how you approach this problem as a professional is more equipped to properly take care of a cockroach infestation.

If you choose to wait to take care of this problem you will end up having a giant infestation and it will end up costing you more time and money to get rid of these pesky pests.


What to do when you suspect a cockroach infestation:


Contact a PCO Company because you are not likely going to get rid of your cockroach infestation yourself but there are ways to help with the eradication that you can do yourself.


1. Inspect the entire kitchen area, under sinks, refrigerator, dishwasher, stove, microwave oven, other cooking appliances, bathroom cabinets, draws, basement and sub-floor crawlspace for high activity and nest areas.

You will be able to see live cockroaches, dead cockroaches, feces and eggs.


2. Place "sticky" glue traps in the above mentioned areas. At night sneak into the kitchen, turn on the lights and observe any cockroach activity. Look where they scurry to.

Place your sticky traps near these areas to collect and identify the species and the source of infestation.


3. Keep all food in sealed containers. Particularly at night, do not leave food scraps exposed in the kitchen or waste storage areas. Thoroughly clean the kitchen, pay attention to counters and appliances.

Regularly vacuum high activity areas, carpets, drapes, furniture, kitchen and bathroom cupboards in order to remove cockroach eggs and food deposits.

sealed food containers


4. Cockroaches need water and will thrive in damp sub-floor crawl space areas. For example: near leaking taps.

Regularly check and fix any plumbing problems, broken roof tiles, anything that may allow or cause moisture ingress to potential cockroach harborage areas.

Wipe the kitchen sink of moisture before going to bed or going out at night. Turn off leaking taps.


5. Seal all cracks and crevices in bathroom, pantry and kitchen cupboards. Store all cardboard boxes and the like above ground level. Cockroaches do not like drafty exposed areas, nor bright lights.


6. There are several cockroach pest species that infest domestic and commercial premises. The identification of each species is necessary to best determine how to exterminate them.

Check out the Cockroach Identification Chart for identifying cockroaches.


Things to ask the pest control company:


  • Do they check entry points outside and inside where the roaches may be coming in from outside and how they are getting into your unit/house.
  • Do they find where the cockroaches are primarily staying and breeding.
  • What chemicals and sticky traps do they use.
  • Are there any guarantees or any timeframes that they assume that the roaches will be gone after the treat.
  • What are your instructions to follow.



What not to do:


  • Don't forget that this is a problem for professionals.
  • Don't wait to do something because it will just get worse.
  • Don't stress about it, it only makes the problem worse.
  • Don't think only dirty people have roaches as anyone has a chance of getting them.
  • Do not line your cupboards or anything else with boric acid. This will make you very sick and potentially be fatal. A reputable Pest Control
  • Company knows the right stuff to help you get rid of them.


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